The survey covered 17 states and five union territories.
The five states where less than 45 per cent households use clean fuel for cooking are Assam (42.1 per cent), Bihar (37.8 per cent), Meghalaya (33.7 per cent), Nagaland (43 per cent) and West Bengal (40.2 per cent), according to the data.
The NFHS-5 (2019-20) was conducted in 6.1 lakh sample households to collect information on population, health, family planning and nutrition-related indicators from the 22 states and union territories.
According to the data, over 80 per cent of households use clean fuels in Andhra Pradesh (83.6 per cent), Goa (96.5 per cent), Mizoram (83.8 per cent) and Telangana (91.8 per cent). Electricity, LPG or natural gas and biogas are considered as clean fuel in the survey.
The survey also showed that the use of clean fuel increased in all the 22 surveyed states and UTs in comparison to NFHS-4 (2015-16).
It found that over 70 per cent of the population in 16 states are living in households that use an improved sanitation facility.
Lakshadweep (99.8 per cent) and Kerala (98.7 per cent) have the highest percentage of population living in households with an improved sanitation facility, while Bihar (49.4 per cent) and Ladakh (42.3 per cent) have the lowest, the survey said.
It found that almost all the surveyed households are using iodised salt.
Over 90 per cent of the population was living in households with electricity, and more than 70 per cent with improved drinking water sources in the surveyed states and UTs, according to the data.
The NFHS results of 17 states and five UTs (Assam, Bihar, Manipur, Meghalaya, Sikkim, Tripura, Andhra Pradesh, Andaman and Nicobar Islands, Gujarat, Himachal Pradesh, Jammu & Kashmir, Ladakh, Karnataka, Goa, Maharashtra, Telangana, West Bengal, Mizoram, Kerala, Lakshadweep, Dadra Nagar Haveli and Daman & Diu) have been released now as Phase-I.
Phase-II, which will cover other states, will be released next year, the health ministry has said.